Glossary

Chemical formulae
(AlCl3) aluminium chloride; aluminium salt, active agent of most antiperspirants
(Al2Cl(OH)5) aluminium chlorohydrate; pure and hydrated (by water purification) form of ➔ (AlCl3)
(C4H6O6) tartaric acid; known from grapes (wine acid)
(C6H8O7) citric acid; known from lemons and other sour fruits
(CH3CH2CH2-COOH) butyric acid; known for its unpleasant odour; hazardous
(HCl) hydrochloric acid; highly corrosive
(HCO2H) formic acid; known for its unpleasant odour
Alphabetical list
adolescence puberty
aluminium chloride (AlCl3)
aluminium hexahydrate (Al2Cl[OH]5)
Alzheimer’s disease progressive breakdown of mental abilities and degeneration of cerebral structures
AP antiperspirant
apocrine glands sweat glands that secrete oily fluids which contain ➔ pheromones
aqueous made from/with water, waterly
ars medicina the art of traditional medicine and healing
axillary concerning the underarm area, armpits, axle
BfR Bundesinstitut für Risikobewertung; German equivalent to the ➔ FDA
BH Bromhidrosis
BO body odour
Botox® registered Trademark for ➔ botulinum toxin
botulinum toxin water binding toxin; known from plastic surgery; here: used for subcutaneous injections, as a HH solution
butane gas; used as a propellent in deodorants or antiperspirants; frequently abused as a drug through ➔ sniffing
butyric acid (CH3CH2CH2-COOH)
cauterization here: painful skin injury caused by acid
citric acid (C6H8O7)
colourants additives which give an product a certain colour
Curettage surgical intervention; subcutaneous removal of sweat glands by suction
dehydration dangerous loss of bodily water (for example while workout/training) by sweating
deodorants perfumed products that mask body odour; often misleadingly branded as antiperspirants
dermis lower part of the skin, in betweeen ➔ Stratum basale and the fatty tissue beneath
diaphoresis Latin term for sweating, perspiration, transpirantion, secretion of sweat
disinfectant here: germicidal agent that prevents bacterial breakdown of the skin
dropper dropping bottles that allow application drop by drop
eccrine glands sweat glands that secrete waterly/salty sweat
electrolytes substances (sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium) excreted by sweating; ➔ dehydration also leads to a dangerous loss of electrolytes which need to be substituted
emulsifiers substance which stabilizes an emulsion by increasing its kinetic stability
EPA US Environmental Protection Agency
epidermis upper part of the skin, in betweeen ➔ Stratum corneum and ➔ Stratum basale
ESB Endoscopic Sympathetic Blockade; disconnection of the sympathetic nerve trunk by clipping
estrogen (oestrogen) predominant female hormone
ETS Endoscopic Thoracic Sympathectomy; final disconnection of the sympathetic nerve trunk by cutting
Eugenia caryophyllus Clove; evergreen tree which grows to a height ranging from 8 – 12 m, having large square leaves and sanguine flowers in numerous groups of terminal clusters; dried flowers are used as a spice and for natural medicine
evaporation changes of physical state: liquid – vapour
FDA US Food and Drug Administration
focal HH localised HH that affects only one area of the body
formic acid (HCO2H)
hair follicle root and gland of the hair shaft the ➔ apocrine glands are attached to the hair follicles
HH Hyperhidrosis
HH axillaris armpit HH (excessive underarm sweating)
HH generalis generalised HH; all over the body
HH palmaris HH of hands and palms
HH plantaris HH of feet and soles
Hoax (H.O.A.X.)
modern form of urban legends and rumours, mostly distributed by the internet
HH plantaris HH of feet and soles
hydrochlorid acid (HCl)
Iontophoresis galvanic ionisation therapy for axillary and ➔ palmoplantar HH with water baths and low voltage
Joerg Valentin Swiss developer and manufacturer of modern antiperspirants enriched with natural plant extracts (JV cosmetics, Switzerland)
Liposuction Curettage
LSA Laser Sweat Ablation: surgical intervention; removal of sweat glands by using lasers
maceration softening and whitening of constantly wet skin
meme internet phenomena; a ➔ hoax which is quoted or repeated so many times (and for a long period of time as well) that people tend to adopt it or believe it is true
menopause female climacteric period with hormonal changes that may trigger HH
Morin, Elizabeth fictive person, once created by anonymous to give the Aluminum/Breast Cancer ➔ Hoax more substance
mucosa sensitive tissue (gingiva, tongue etc.)
Mum® first ever registered Trademark for an antiperspirant (USA, 1888)
Nanotech Silver
nanoscale Silver (nanoparticles); here: additives that should prevent bacterial contamination; controversially discussed
obesity a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have an adverse effect on health; here: possible cause of HH
OTC Over-The-Counter (prescription free product)
palmoplantar HH HH of both the hands and feet, simultaneous
parabens common, yet controversially discussed ➔ preservatives
pentapeptides polymers of amino acids; here: additives that should prevent bacterial contamination
pheromones chemical factor that triggers a social response in members of the same species, a secreted by the ➔ apocrine glands
prescription strength here: antiperspirants with that contain more than 20 % ➔ (AlCl3) active agent
preservatives additives which inhibit the growth of bacteria or fungi
private parts genital parts of the human body
puberty post-infantile maturation with hormonal changes that may trigger HH. Puberty also has a significant influence on emotional and mental conditions (susceptibility to stress etc.)
roll-on sticks bottles with a sticky roller ball
Salvia officinalis Sage; small perennial evergreen subshrub, with woody stems, grayish leaves, and blue to purplish flowers; used as a herb and for natural medicine
sniffing dangerous abuse of inhalable substances
(e.g. ➔ butane in antiperspirants or deodorants)
soaked skin damp or moist skin that is permanently wet
sprays butan or air driven pump bottles
stage-fright nervous or anxious condition, previous to a gig, speech, meeting etc.
Stratum basale barrier layer within the skin, in between ➔ epidermis and ➔ dermis
Stratum corneum the superficial layer of the skin
sympathetic nervous system part of the human nervous system, here: system that controls activity of the sweat glands
tartaric acid (C4H6O6)
testosterone predominant male hormone
thermoregulation the ability to equalise the bodily temperature by ➔ evaporation (through eccrine sweating)
Tinea cruris fungal infection, rash (Jock itch)
Tinea pedis plantar fungal infection (Athlete’s foot)
triclosan common, yet controversially discussed ➔ disinfectant
Usnea barbata Old Man’s Beard: tree moss or lichen that generally grow hanging from tree branches, resembling grey or greenish hair used as a natural remedy
Verruca plantaris palmoplantar wart that grows into the skin
WHO World Health Organisation
Yellow jaundice icterus, a yellowish pigmentation of the skin, associated with hepatic liver diseases
Mum
skin-friendly
high-impact
strength
Joerg Valentin Cosmetics
JV Cosmetics
diaphoresis
aqueous
eccrine
apocrine
embarrassment
mycosis
Verruca
plantaris
vice versa
Hyperhydrosis
dehydration
purification
miracle hearlers
fat burning
sweat like a horse
focal
electrolytes
sniffable
erythrophobia
rubescence
sympathetic
syringlomyleia
menopause
oestrogen
testosterone
pathological
Aloe vera
autonomic nervous system
liposuction
subcutaneous curettage
reflex sweating
rebound
Hyperhidrosis axillaris
Hyperhidrosis palmaris
Verruca palmaris
Hyoerhidrosis plantaris
Bromhidrosis
pheromonal odours
circumstances
Diabetes mellitus
Intertrigo
Trichomycrosis axillaris
Erythrasma
brute
ATP-binding cassette
peroxide
trimethylaminuria
volatile organic compounds
adolescrence
Hyperhidrosis axillaris
androgen
pleasent scent
monozygotic
Dizygotic
stinkers
court of appeal
butane
aluminium cloride
hydrochloric acid
epidermal
cauterization
stratum basale
dermis
aluminium zirconium
chlorofluorocarbon
clean
easy-to-use
sensible
hydrochloric
aluminium hexahydrate
Usnea barbata
Eugenia caryophyllus
Salvia officinalis
reversal
glycerin
cellulose
flora
methylparaben
propylparaben
butylparaben
Toxicology
Applied Pharamaclogy
germicide
pentapeptide
polymers of amino acids
anti wrinkle
nanometer
nanoparticle
everyday
lotus effect
Elizabeth Morin
mamma carcinoma
stratum basale
Management/Evaluation
aluminium chloride
dermal bacteria
biodegration
real
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